Warrick's closure demonstrates the pain the industry is feeling from the sharp drop in aluminum prices on the London Metal Exchangewhich fell The Midwest premium paid to producers on top of the LME price for physical delivery has also fallen to around 8. Alcoa's move comes two months after it announced plans to idle Massena West and two smelters in Washington state, which are still slated for closure by the end of the first quarter.
The company has now curtailed or closedtonnes of smelting capacity since it announced in March that it was examiningtonnes for potential curtailment, closure or sale.
In the second half ofAlcoa will split into two separate publicly traded companies, a value-add business that will produce products serving the burgeoning automotive and aerospace industries, and an upstream company including the much-diminished smelting business. The company also said it will reduce alumina production by one million metric tons by the end of the second quarter, to counter falling prices for the metal.
Account icon An icon in the shape of a person's head and shoulders. It often indicates a user profile. Login Subscribe. My Account. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options.Around 1, workers employed by US-based aluminium company Alcoa in Western Australia WA are continuing indefinite strike action in a protracted dispute over a new enterprise agreement EBA.
The walkout on August 8 was sparked when EBA negotiations that have been ongoing for around 20 months stalled. The company is demanding that the workers vote on its EA proposal before the end of this month.
In each case, it has been used by the companies, assisted by the unions, to pressure workers into accepting regressive agreements that slash wages and conditions. Companies can apply for the termination of agreements under Fair Work industrial laws introduced by the former Labor government, with the support of the unions.
The strike at Alcoa erupted despite the efforts of the Australian Workers Union AWU to contain all opposition to sporadic limited stoppages while it attempted to broker a sell-out deal with the company. But it is clear that the company wants to increase workplace flexibility and management prerogatives so that it can restructure to take advantage of market opportunities.
Last year, Alcoa gained regulatory approval from the WA state government to ship 2. Alongside expanding operations, the company has carried out a cost-cutting operation in Australia, as part of a worldwide restructure announced in that included a 13 percent cut to its global workforce to offset falling aluminium prices.
This has seen sweeping attacks on the rights of Alcoa workers around the world. Around 1, Canadian workers at an ABI smelter in Quebec, Canada, majority-owned by Alcoa, have been locked out since January, as the company demands cuts to jobs and conditions. The closure cost 1, jobs. The company also shuttered its Yennora aluminium rolling plant in Western Sydney destroying another The next year Alcoa closed its mine and power station at Anglesea, which used to supply the Port Henry smelter, axing nearly 90 jobs.
The reprieve for the workers at the plant could be withdrawn at any time and the facility shutdown. It followed successive rounds of job cuts since The strike is part of a growing wave of opposition, in the working class, and among Alcoa employees around the world, to the offensive against jobs, wages and conditions spearheaded by the major corporations since the global financial crisis.
The historical record demonstrates that these struggles can only go forward through a complete break with the corporatised unions. World Socialist Web Site wsws. Get Involved! Free Julian Assange and Chelsea Manning!
Socialism and the centenary of the Russian Revolution: All lectures from the series.Closure Systems International, Inc. CSI integrates innovative closure technologyhigh-performance capping equipment and expert technical services and training support to help customers all over the world maximize their profits. These integrated closure and capping solutions deliver a total system of unsurpassed customer value and reliability.
BP’s Kwinana refinery follows in Alcoa’s footsteps, moves to terminate enterprise agreement
CSI has numerous manufacturing facilities, sales offices and technology centers strategically located to best serve customers in all regions of the globe.
Current and archived CSI news releases are posted in chronological order as well as trade shows, conferences and industry events in which CSI plans to participate.
CSI is an equal opportunity employer. We will create a work environment that will protect the safety and health of our people and community. We will be good stewards of the resources required to achieve business goals. We are constantly discovering and implementing new ways to improve our global environmental impact. We will respect those with whom we interact in our words, actions and the challenges we set. We will encourage our people to work together, using their diverse skills and experiences, to identify and solve problems which improve business outcomes.
We will identify and execute unique solutions and increase our speed and focus in working with customers and suppliers to meet or exceed our financial commitments. The first commercial aluminum closure was called a "Goldy", due to the bright gold coating.
The first major customer was H. Heinz, which used the popular Goldy closure to seal sauces and ketchups. Closure manufacturing operations began in Richmond, Indiana. At that time, the company was known as the Aluminum Seal Company.
The resealable 28mm aluminum roll-on closure was developed for the beer and soft drink industries. Alcoa CSI was created through the unification of Alcoa's worldwide metal closure and capping equipment businesses. The first successful plastic closure for carbonated soft drinks was the "H-C Wing-Lok" design. With continuous updating and improvements in sealing and high-speed application, this design is still in demand in many regions of the world today.
The "Double-Lok" closure was developed to provide improved tamper evidence over existing designs. Alcoa CSI developed under-the-cap UTC video jet printing technology to provide high quality, low cost, flexible promotional capability.
Aggressive expansion overseas continued with the addition of new plants in China, Bahrain, Hungary, and Russia. International expansion also included the addition of a European regional headquarters in London, a regional sales office in Singapore, and a technical service center in Malaysia.
Alcoa CSI developed a new line of water closures, including a push-pull sports cap and offered other innovative developments including spout fitments for gable top juice containers and hot fill closures for isotonic drinks.
Southern Plastics Kilgore, TXproducer of injection molded closures for the food, dairy and personal care industries, was also acquired.
InAlcoa CSI created a new European headquarters in Barcelona, Spain to centralize regional decision-making and to further enhance technology development, including a state-of-the-art technology research and development center in the facility. A highly nimble, innovative and customer-focused organization to serve the specialized packaging, equipment and technical service needs of Europe was created. In addition to Alcoa CSI's rotatory compression technology, the South American group also had extensive injection molding capability and experience, most notably in the edible oil closures market in Brazil and Argentina.
Since then, CSI has continued aggressive global expansion; acquiring Innopack Mexico and Obrist North America, opening new closure production facilities in China and India, and developing important new joint ventures in a number of countries around the world.
Markets Served. Beverages Food Automotive Custom Closures. Equipment And Services. About Us Careers Contact Us.A state-of-the-art destination play space. Search the catalogue and access digital services.
About Council Meetings How Council meetings work. Agendas and Minutes Summaries from Council meetings. About Kwinana About our beautiful City. Careers Job vacancies at the City of Kwinana. Animal Services Keeping of pets and other animals. A-Z Services Can't find it? Check here. Kwinana Adventure Park A state-of-the-art destination play space.
Kwinana Public Library Search the catalogue and access digital services. Kwinana Recovery Coordination. Online Council Meetings. City Closes Administration. More News. Do It Online Payments, transactions, forms and much more. Animal Services Cats, dogs and everything in-between. Online Mapping Access data about your property and services and places in the City.
Building Services Everything you need to know about building in Kwinana. Waste Collection Information about your regular collections, verge pickup and disposal centre.
Rates Learn about your Rates, payment options, subsidies and more. Events and Activities From small musical acts to the biggest events of the year! City Assist Your Rangers and compliance service. Library Services View the online catalogue, access free resources and much more. Opening Hours Mon-Fri: am - pm. Opening Hours Tue: 9am - 4pm. Opening Hours Tue-Fri: 9am - 4pm.Updated August 28, Yarloop farmer Tony Ferraro and Mandogalup resident Bob White have one thing in common: they live on the doorstep of vast, industrial wastelands.
The two men are fighting separate battles against alumina giant Alcoa over sprawling residue ponds at the company's Wagerup and Kwinana refineries. For every tonne of alumina created, there are about two tonnes of waste. About four million tonnes of bauxite residue is deposited at the Kwinana facility alone each year. Until recently, locals said the "red mud lakes" had been out of sight, out of mind. Barely visible from ground level, their scale could only be fully understood from the air.
But now the Kwinana facility is under scrutiny, with the Environmental Protection Authority EPA deliberating whether new residential subdivisions should be allowed within 1. The EPA's decision will affect whether the State Government goes ahead with controversial buffer zone legislation opposed by property developers. The Kwinana case is being watched by Yarloop locals, including Mr Ferraro, a dairy farmer who has been complaining for years about dust from Alcoa's Wagerup residue area, kilometres south of Perth.
Despite assurances it poses no threat to public health, he claims his family and animals suffer when there is a "big red cloud of dust". Mr Ferraro, whose family was farming the area long before Alcoa arrived inis part of a local action group appealing against an increase in the refinery's output.
The group is also opposing the removal of a condition on the company's licence that prohibits visible dust from leaving the boundaries of the residue area. The Department of Environment Regulation has defended the decision to remove the condition, saying Alcoa was still liable for prosecution under the Environmental Protection Act. It said the company "undertakes dust control measures" and the removal of the condition "doesn't reduce the level of these controls".
Murdoch Drive Connection
In a statement, Alcoa said it was appropriate to remove the condition on the licence because it has "very little relevance to the management of environmental risk". Like Mr Ferraro, Mr White of Mandogalup has also lived through the transformation of his neighbourhood to make way for Alcoa. The year-old said it was "just bush" before the closest residue storage area was built about metres from his boundary to service the Kwinana refinery.
He said the State Government's buffer zone legislation favoured Alcoa at the expense of local residents, whose land values would plummet as a result. Mr White and other Mandogalup residents are angry Alcoa has not fully closed and rehabilitated the residue area nearest to his home, known as "Area F", as it pledged to do in October The company said the closure had been delayed by approvals necessary for new residue drying areas.
Alcoa would not be interviewed, but in statement said air quality monitoring over many years at both Wagerup and Kwinana showed no cause for concern. The company pointed to a recent paper by its chief medical officer Dr Michael Donoghue that found the risks of chronic health effects and incremental carcinogenic risks were negligible.
At Kwinana, the company said it supported the buffer legislation because it would provide "separation between industry and sensitive land uses" and prevent potential conflicts. According to air quality monitoring carried out on behalf of developers with land within the proposed buffer, the levels of fine dust particles and heavy metals in the area are within national standards. But Alcoa said Mr Bell's comments were "extremely misleading" and should be considered in the context of a health risk assessment carried out in The study found the potential for emissions to cause acute health effects was low, to cause chronic non-carcinogenic health effects was very low and to contribute to cancer was less than one in a million.
Alcoa said it had received only one community complaint about dust from both Wagerup and Kwinana since the beginning of the year.
Topics: environmental-impactenvironmental-managementmining-environmental-issuesmining-industryyarloopwagerup First posted August 28, Contact Claire Moodie. More stories from Western Australia. If you have inside knowledge of a topic in the news, contact the ABC. ABC teams share the story behind the story and insights into the making of digital, TV and radio content. Read about our editorial guiding principles and the standards ABC journalists and content makers follow.
Learn more. Scientists are desperately searching for a coronavirus vaccine, but before that can happen there's a whole bunch of stuff they need to discover. By Tegan Taylor.CSI Capping Systems are the industry standard for high-speed, high-performance production. CSI builds capping equipment for almost every type of closure application, production and process environment.
CSI is committed to helping its customers maximize their profits. This is accomplished by providing innovative closure and capping solutions that help brand owners enhance the marketability of their brands and bottlers optimize their total cost of operations CSI has plastic and aluminum beverage closure solutions that satisfy consumers and bottlers alike.
CSI's automotive fluid closures are specifically engineered to protect the integrity of your brands. CSI's caps deliver unparalleled leak-proof performance for consumers and easy application for optimal operational efficiency. Give us a call to discuss how CSI can help you mold your company's success.
Markets Served. Beverages Food Automotive Custom Closures. Equipment And Services. About Us Careers Contact Us. Find the cap that works for you Fast access to our entire line of closures. Easy to search, find and request CSI closures. Explore Capfinder. Learn More.
We make your packaging work
The Markets We Serve. Beverages CSI has plastic and aluminum beverage closure solutions that satisfy consumers and bottlers alike.Abbott meets Napthine over Alcoa closure
A variety of sealing options and custom decorations are available according to your needs. Automotive CSI's automotive fluid closures are specifically engineered to protect the integrity of your brands. Other If you can dream it, we can mold it. Have a question? Contact Us.Alcoa's Kwinana alumina refinery is located 45 kilometres south of Perth, Western Australia.
Opened in Julythe plant has been upgraded and improved over the years, and now has a production capacity of more than two million tonnes of alumina every year. Sustainable Bauxite Mining Guidelines - English. Sustainable Bauxite Mining Guidelines - Chinese. Sustainable Bauxite Mining Guidelines - French. Sustainable Bauxite Mining Guidelines - Indonesian. Oxalate forms in the alumina refining process as a result of organic material in bauxite ore.
Organics enter the refinery liquor stream when bauxite is digested in caustic soda. This organic matter is broken down as part of the Bayer process with sodium oxalate being the predominant end product. This is an impurity that must be removed for optimum alumina production and quality. To prevent an eventual build up in the liquor stream, sodium oxalate is precipitated from the liquor stream as a crystalline material for disposal.
Sodium oxalate has few commercial uses and, until recently, must be either destroyed using a kiln or stored in secure impoundments. The conventional kiln process for sodium oxalate removal has a high capital cost, requires a flue gas RTO regenerative thermal oxidiser to control emissions and has a relatively high carbon footprint due to the fuel required. Over the next decade the group identified the specific alkali tolerant bacteria that could efficiently break down the impurity and developed an understanding of the optimum conditions under which the bacteria were the most effective.
Through extensive testing and pilot plant work, an industrial scale process was developed. The plant has exceeded all the initial performance specifications and is now operating well above its design capacity. The new process, known as 'continuous biological oxalate destruction', is a cost effective and environmentally friendly solution to the oxalate challenge.
Although the biological breakdown of the organics generates carbon dioxide, this is quickly mineralised to inorganic carbonates and bicarbonates within the liquor stream passing through the process.
The process has proven to be very efficient at destroying oxalate. The current system has sufficient capacity to treat both the refinery output of sodium oxalate together with the oxalate that was placed in temporary storage whilst the unit was being developed and commissioned. Alcoa has since rolled out this technology to its Pinjarra refinery and at the PT Comfort Refinery in Texas, long-term, the process has the potential to consume all of the nearly metric tonnes of oxalate removed each day by Alcoa refineries around the world, whilst also reducing energy usage.